Behavior change and behavior modification is considered a psycho-therapeutic involvement mainly used to lessen or disregard actions that can harm the health of adults and children (Scott et al., 2017). It focuses on changing specific behaviors but does not consider how someone might feel. Behavior can be shaped through punishment or reinforcement and is considered to be a form of therapy. Change, however, is a process that takes time, especially when being made for health improvement reasons (Scott et al., 2017). Healthier habits are one way to help adapt to behavior change. For the change to be long-term, one must be self-motivated and rooted in positive thinking throughout the process. Also, setting some goals to achieve can help change one's behavior, but they should be limited to avoid over-straining determination and attention.
As behavior change emerges, cumulative emphasis has been made on using theories in trying and evolving intrusions. Two theory approaches are used to know and intercede behavior change, the self-determination theory (STD)and motivational interviewing (MI) (Patrick & Williams, 2012). STD theory shows to which extent a behavior initiates from an individual and how to control it. MI characterizes behaviors for their own sake and engaging behaviors for some separable outcome. When both approaches are used, people develop successful involvements that produce beneficial results for health behavior.
Different approaches and strategies called processes of change are needed in behavior change, and each stage prepares someone for the next (Mind & Mood, 2012). Pre-contemplation is the first stage where the victim has no conscious aim of changing. It may be due to lack of material or consciousness or having an unsuccessful past and feeling deflated. Contemplation is the stage where people consider a change in the next six months but might take longer than that. It shows that one knows about their behavior but lacks the obligation for the transformation. The preparation stage is where one knows they must change and makes plans to do so momentarily by starting some primary steps, and it is essential to forestall hindrances (Mind & Mood, 2012). The action stage follows where the behavior has stopped. The final stage is maintenance, where one focuses on integrating the change in their life and avoiding relapse.
In conclusion, behavior change is achievable without relapse if one stays committed to all the change stages. One can quickly make small habits that ensure long-term behavior change, improving health (Science, 2020). To achieve behavior change, one needs motivation, which has three levels: physical, emotional, and social. The ability for someone to do something at a particular time is also necessary for change. Also, one must know how to face their different triggers and ensure they don't affect the change process.
Mind & Mood. (2012). Why behavior change is hard - and why you should keep trying.https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/why-behavior-change-is-hard-and-why-you-should-keep-trying
Patrick, H., & Williams, G. C. (2012). Self-determination theory: its application to health behavior and complementarity with motivational interviewing. International Journal of behavioral nutrition and physical Activity, 9(1), 1-12.
Science, B (2020).The Fogg Behaviour MODEL.https://www.growthengineering.co.uk/bj-foggs-behavior-model/
Scott HK, Jain A, Cogburn M. Behavior Modification. [Updated 2021 Jul 13]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459285/
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